[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣: Habit 2 Begin with the end in mind 以終為始

To begin with the end in mind (以終為始),意思是:
「開始」進行之前,要先瞭解「終點」(目的地、目標)在哪裡;
如此,我們才知道目前身處何處;
也才能夠往「正確的方向」向前邁進。

如果不先確認「目標」及「方向」,越努力,可能反而離「目標」越遠。

這是很重要的「成果導向」的概念,我們需要經常思考: 目前在進行的事務,是為了達到什麼樣的「成果」。
「做某件事」、「進行某個活動」是達到「成果」的方法或過程,重點是要能夠達到「成果」。
若忘了「成果」、「目的」,會比較容易被不斷湧入的工作所淹没,覺得很忙,但卻不見得能夠獲致重要的「成果」。

在職場中的應用:接到對方的「指令」時,不要貿然就去做了,要先瞭解對方想要達成的「目標」。
「指令」是達成「目標」的方法。

對方給你的「指令」,只是達成「目標」的眾多「作法」中的其中一種,未必是最佳解。

知道「目標」,才有機會結合彼此的智慧,探索達成「目標」最有效的「作法」。
進一步而言,不僅在出發之前要先知道要去哪裡(目的地: goal),
也要想清楚,為什麼策畫這個旅程(目的: purpose, reason, why),
知道它的意義,如此才有足夠的驅動力,能夠支持我們在旅程中克服各種困難,
也才有明確的指南針,讓我們知道在旅程中如何做出各種恰當的判斷。


All Things Are Created Twice


There's a mental or first creation (思想; 意業),
and a physical or second creation (行為; 身業/口業)
to all things.

並不是所有的 first creation 都是有意識的選擇,我們要強化 self-awareness,才能確保對於 first creation (思想; 意業) 的掌握度。否則若對 first creation 沒有掌握,second creation (行為; 身業/口業) 就更沒有掌控權了。

Personal Mission Statement


A personal mission statement focuses on
 你想要成為什麼樣的人 what you want to be (character)
 你想要成就什麼樣的事 what you want to do (contributions and achievements)



Angela Aki / 手紙~拜啟 給十五歲的你~2014,關於 personal mission statement 很棒的一部 MV (music video)。

A Principle Center


Our security comes from knowing that
correct principles do not change.

The wisdom and guidance come from
correct maps.

The power comes from
a self-aware, knowledgeable, proactive individual.

As a principle-centered person,
you try to stand apart from
   the emotion of the situation
   other factors that would act on you,
and evaluate the options.

Looking at the balanced whole,
you'll try to come up with the best solution,
taking all factors into consideration.

Writing And Using A Personal Mission Statement


Mission statement 是我們衡量生活中各種事物的基準 (criterion),可藉此對生活中的各種事物設定正確的 priority。

Writing or reviewing a mission statement changes you
because it forces you
   to think through your priorities deeply, carefully.
   to align your behavior with your beliefs.

Two Ways To Tap The Right Brain


1. Expand Perspective


為自己寫墓誌銘;想像結婚25週年、結婚50週年的情景;想像退休生活的情景。

拓展心靈;想像時包含豐富的細節、情緒、感官知覺。

2. Visualization And Affirmation


Almost all of the world-class atheletes and other peak performers are visualizers.
They see it; they feel it; they experience it before they actually do it.
They begin with the end in mind.

Subliminal Programming
Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP)

Identifying Roles And Goals


professional role

personal roles - husband, wife, father, mother, neighbor, friend

community roles - political area, public service, volunteer organizations

有效的goal關注「成果」,而不是「活動」。

Family Mission Statements


The core of any family is what is changeless --
shared vision and values.

This mission statement becomes the criterion
for evaluation and decision making.
It gives continuity, unity and direction to the family.
It becomes the framework for thinking, for governing the family.

Organizational Mission Statements


要讓每個人都參與討論,因為「No involvement, no commitment.」

延伸閱讀


[書籍] 與成功有約: 高效能人士的七個習慣, 作者: 史蒂芬.柯維

[書籍] The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change, by Stephen R. Covey, 初版日期:1989

[書籍] 七個好習慣:與成功有約 (兒童繪本版)

[書籍] 漫畫讀通柯維成功學

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣 7 Habits of Highly Effective People

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 1 Be Proactive 主動積極

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 2 Begin with the end in mind 以終為始

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 3 Put First Things First 要事第一

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 4 Think Win/Win 雙贏思維

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 5 Seek First To Understand, Then To Be Understood 知彼解己

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 6 Synergize 統合綜效

[閱讀筆記] 高效能人士的七個習慣、與成功有約: Habit 7 Sharpen The Saw 不斷更新

(photo via Dan Susa)